Paul Biya Cameroon’s Longest-Serving President

Paul Biya


Paul Biya, born on February 13, 1933, has been a prominent figure in Cameroonian politics for several decades. As the current president of Cameroon, Biya holds the distinction of being the longest-serving African head of state, with a tenure that spans over four decades. This article aims to explore the life, political career, and impact of Paul Biya on Cameroon and the African continent.

Early Life and Education:

Born in Mvomeka’a, a small village in the South Region of Cameroon, Paul Biya’s early life was marked by modest beginnings. His academic prowess led him to study at the prestigious Louis-le-Grand and the University of Paris, where he earned degrees in law and political science. This educational background would later lay the foundation for his political career.

Political Ascent:

Biya’s political journey began when he joined the civil service in Cameroon after completing his studies in France. He quickly rose through the ranks and caught the attention of President Ahmadou Ahidjo. In 1962, Biya was appointed as Secretary-General at the Presidency, solidifying his position as a key figure in the government.

In 1975, President Ahidjo unexpectedly resigned, and Biya assumed the presidency, becoming the second president of Cameroon. His leadership style and commitment to maintaining stability in a country characterized by linguistic and cultural diversity marked the beginning of his long and influential presidency.

Presidency and Policies:

Biya’s presidency has been marked by both accomplishments and controversies. He implemented economic reforms and infrastructure projects that contributed to the country’s development. However, concerns have been raised about issues such as human rights abuses, political repression, and allegations of corruption within his administration.

One significant event during his presidency was the introduction of a multiparty system in 1990, a response to growing internal and international pressure for political liberalization. Despite this, Biya’s Cameroon People’s Democratic Movement (CPDM) has maintained a firm grip on power, winning successive elections amid allegations of irregularities.

Legacy and Criticisms:

As the longest-serving president in Africa, Biya’s legacy is a subject of both admiration and criticism. Supporters applaud his efforts to maintain stability and foster economic development, while critics highlight concerns about democracy, governance, and human rights.[Sources]

The longevity of Biya’s presidency has sparked debates about the need for political change and transition in Cameroon. The country faces ongoing challenges such as regional conflicts, economic disparities, and the need for inclusive governance, prompting discussions about the future trajectory of the nation.


Paul Biya’s tenure as the president of Cameroon has undeniably left a lasting impact on the country’s political landscape. As he celebrates another year in office, the question of his succession and the future direction of Cameroon remains a significant point of discussion both domestically and internationally. Whether viewed as a stabilizing force or a symbol of entrenched power, Biya’s legacy will continue to shape the narrative of Cameroon’s political history for years to come.

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